Identify Your Skin Type
Before you can care for your skin and keep it healthy, you need to identify your skin type. The four main types of skin are normal, dry, oily, and combination:
Normal skin has an even, smooth skin tone; soft texture; and no visible blemishes, red spots, or flaky patches. Pores are barely visible, and the skin surface is neither greasy nor dry. Normal skin has few imperfections because of the balanced amount of water and oil and good blood circulation.
Dry skin is dull, rough, scaly, and itchy, with almost invisible pores. Dry skin is usually caused by an abnormal shedding of cells from the skin’s outer layer. In normal situations, lubrication from the body’s natural oils helps to prevent water loss from the skin.
Oily skin is acne-prone skin with open pores, a shiny complexion, blackheads, and pimples. Because hormones affect oil production, anything that affects your hormone levels may influence your skin. Some experts believe that stress, such as from exams or not getting enough sleep, may trigger outbreaks of acne. Many teens know that acne in itself creates added stress!
With normal/combination skin, you might have an oily “T-Zone” (forehead, nose, and chin) and dry skin elsewhere. The pores on your face are large, and the skin tends to have blackheads.
Normal/combination skin can be either overly dry or excessively oily, while cheeks may appear rough. Depending on the time of year, the oiliness and dryness can change, too. The skin is usually drier when the weather is cold.
Know How Sensitive Your Skin Is
It is just as important to know how sensitive you skin is. Having normal, dry, oily or combination skin is one thing, but having sensitive normal, dry, oily or combination skin is another. You need to take both factors into consideration before you start a skin care regimen.
Have you ever experienced slight red patches on your skin, areas of dryness or blemishes? Maybe even itchy skin, a tingle, tightness or a stinging sensation? These are all signs of skin sensitivity.
1.Very Sensitive Skin
Very Sensitive Skin can become easily irritated and responds with redness or irritation to almost anything applied.
2. Sensitive Skin
Sensitive Skin can become irritated to certain skin care ingredients and products, and does not remain irritated as long as very sensitive skin.
3. Normal Skin
Normal skin types rarely experience any skin sensitivity and can tolerate most skin care products and ingredients.
Take our H&H Science Teen Skin Care Quiz to find your skin type and what products are ideal for your skin type. Then follow our HH Science Teen Skin Type Guide to get started on your ideal skin care regimen.
In addition to using your acne treatment kit every day for your skin type, every Teen Skin Care Regimen should consist of the following:
It’s important to cleanse your skin daily to remove dirt, oil, and dead skin flakes. Washing your skin also rids the skin of excess oil, which can prevent acne.
To remove eye make-up, especially waterproof mascara, there are products specifically formulated for the eye area. But some gentle facial cleansers can effectively remove eye and facial makeup, as well as cleanse the skin. Our H&H Science Gentle Cleanser is gentle enough so it can be used around the eye to remove eye make-up. Apply a pea size amount onto a wet cotton round and gently remove. Always choose products that are fragrance-free to avoid irritating the eye area.
Many teens need to treat skin conditions such as acne, which occurs when pores on the surface of skin become clogged. This happens when oil glands produce too much oil, and pores get blocked with dirt, bacteria, and debris. Sometimes, moisturizers and greasy cosmetics contribute to the development of acne. Oils or dyes in hair products can worsen acne by blocking pores.
While soaps and astringents remove oil from the skin, they don’t alter the oil production. Scrubbing the skin sometimes causes irritation, which triggers acne instead of resolving it. All treatments should be soap-free and pH balanced.
Skin products containing benzoyl peroxide are ideal for very sensitive and sensitive skin types with mild acne if you use them sparingly (once daily in the evening). The goal is to treat all oily areas of the face — forehead, chin, nose, and cheeks — not just where you notice pimples. Treating the areas that tend to break out may help prevent future pimples. Our H&H Science Spot Treatment just for teens is an ideal spot treatment to treat and prevent breakouts. Some of these products can cause the skin to become too dry if overused. If you feel stinging or burning, rinse your skin with mild soap and water. Try the topical benzoyl peroxide again the next day. Be aware that you must use benzoyl peroxide daily for a least a month before you’ll see the full effect. You have to be a bit patient.
For skin types that are not sensitive, salicylic acid is an ideal acne treatment. It treats the acne, prevents future breakouts and decreases pore size. Our H&H Science Pore Minimizing Cleanser and H&H Science Toning Treatment Pads are ideal daily treatments for skin types that are not sensitive.
When you hydrate your skin, you simply add water, such as when washing your face or taking a bath. To moisturize your skin, you add water, oil, or both.
For most skin types, you should moisturize skin morning and evening, using a moisturizer that does not aggravate a skin problem. For instance, never put heavy cream on oily skin that is prone to breakouts. For oily skin, the moisturizer should be oil-free, but have hydrating qualities. Always apply moisturizers after cleansing and treating your skin in the morning and evening. Our H&H Science Ultra Lite Oil Free Moisturizer for Teens is an ideal moisturizer for all teen skin types
After cleansing your skin, protect it daily from the sun and other environmental factors. Using an oil-free, lightweight sunscreen with of SPF of 30 or higher with UVA and UVB coverage year-round is essential. Our H&H Science Oil Free Sunscreen, SPF 30 is designed just for teens and is perfect for everyday use. It should be applied as the last step in your morning skin care regimen and before make-up is applied.
Establishing a skin care regimen that matches your skin type and level of sensitivity is ideal to keeping your skin healthy and radiant. Take our H&H Science Teen Skin Care Quiz today and follow our H&H Science Teen Skin Type Guide to get started on a skin care regimen customized just for you!!